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发布时间:2020-07-20  | 点击数:367

随着现代建筑技术的发展,人们有能力重建最古老的建筑。但是,这种行为比它需要花费的成本更多的利益或价值的问题引起了人们的思考。除了建造历史建筑本身的目的外,重建古建筑不仅可以帮助现代人文主义者和建筑师更好地了解古代文化和建筑技术,还可以使学生和公众直接学习和观察古建筑。

With the development of modern architectural technology, people have the ability to reconstruct the most historic building. However, the question whether this behavior has more benefit or value compared to the cost it needs to raises people’ thinking. In addition to the purpose of building the historic building itself, reestablishing the ancient building can not only help modern humanist and architect better understand ancient culture and building techniques, but also make students and the public have a direct learning and observation of ancient architecture.  

最初,重建的建筑有其自己的应用目的,而不是简单地复制古代建筑。完整修复一幢复杂的古老建筑会耗费大量金钱和时间。这项巨大的投资必须代表一些目的。在我心目中最重要的是田纳西州纳什维尔的帕台农神庙。这座建筑完全恢复了雅典的帕台农神庙。帕台农神庙(纳什维尔)建于1897年,是田纳西州百年纪念博览会的象征,纳什维尔因此赢得了雅典南部的声誉。博览会结束后,帕台农神庙(纳什维尔)得到保存和加固,同时拆除了其他古董建筑。帕台农神庙(纳什维尔)现在被用作希腊戏剧的博物馆和表演场所。在不同的时间,帕台农神庙(纳什维尔)被用作不同的目的,而不仅仅是帕台农神庙(雅典)的复制品。

Initially, the reconstructed building has their own purpose of application rather than simple reproduction of ancient building. The complete restoration of a sophisticated ancient building consumes a huge amount of money and time. This massive investment must represent some purpose. In the forefront of my mind is the case of the Parthenon in Nashville, Tennessee. This building completely restores the Parthenon in Athens. The Parthenon (Nashville) was built as the symbol of the Tennessee Centennial Exposition in 1897, and the Nashville thus gained the reputation of southern Athens. After the exposition, the Parthenon (Nashville) was preserved and reinforced while other antiqued buildings were dismantled. The Parthenon (Nashville) now is used as a museum and performance place of Greek plays. In different time, the Parthenon (Nashville) is used as for different purpose than just a replica of the Parthenon (Athens).

重建古建筑可以帮助人们更好地了解和学习古代国家。在重建过程中,人们必须深入研究那个时代和民族的文化,才能充分再现古建筑。这些保存完好的建筑几乎高度代表了古代文化和精湛的艺术造.。因此,现代人文主义者可以对古代国家的历史和文化有更详细的了解。重塑帕台农神庙(纳什维尔)精美雕塑和壁画的过程使人们意识到了古希腊人对雅典娜的崇高而纯粹的敬意。

Rebuilding ancient buildings can help people have a better understanding and learning of ancient countries. In the process of reconstruction, people must thoroughly study the culture of that era and nation in order to fully reproduce the ancient building. These preserved buildings almost highly represent the ancient culture and superb artistic attainments. Therefore the modern humanists can gain a more detailed understanding of the ancient countries’ history and culture. The process of reshaping the exquisite sculptures and murals in Parthenon (Nashville) made people realize the ancient Greek's noble and pure respect for Athena.

此外,重建古建筑可以帮助建筑师和来访者更好地了解历史建筑的技术。原始建筑物必须被破坏甚至随着时间的流逝而倒塌,这将使人们在学习其建筑物技能时遇到问题。例如,建筑师(雅典)从几何,数学,光学,透视等角度对帕台农神庙(雅典)进行了一系列视觉校正。但是,在受大炮和自然腐蚀的洗礼之后,帕台农神庙(雅典)现已成为一座破庙。游客无法从现在开始意识到自己的魔力。由于帕台农神庙(纳什维尔)以1:1的比例完全复制了帕台农神庙(雅典),因此人们现在可以更直观地从帕台农神庙(纳什维尔)学习并感受到原始建筑的精致之处。人们不仅可以依靠想象力或图片来弥补帕台农神庙缺失的部分,还可以看到建筑物的原始外观。因此,人们可以更好地理解为什么帕台农神庙(雅典)被称为“多立克阶的顶峰”。

Furthermore, rebuilding ancient architecture can help architect and visiting people better understand the technology of historic buildings. The original building must be damaged or even run down over time, and this will make people have problem with learning its building skills. For instance, Architects (Athens) performed a series of visual corrections on Parthenon (Athens) from the perspectives of geometry, mathematics, optics, perspective, etc. However, after the baptism of artillery and natural corrosion, Parthenon (Athens) has now become a broken temple. Tourists can't realize its own magic from what it is now. Since Parthenon (Nashville) completely replicates the Parthenon (Athens) in 1:1 ration, people can now learn and feel the exquisiteness of the original building from the Parthenon (Nashville) more intuitively. People can not only rely on imagination or pictures to make up for the missing parts of the Parthenon, but can see the original appearance of the building. Therefore, people can understand more why the Parthenon (Athens) is called “the zenith of the Doric order”.

最后但并非最不重要的一点是,复制古建筑可以帮助人们学习和欣赏古建筑,而无需支付昂贵的运输费用。各种文化的名胜古迹位于世界的不同角落。许多人无力旅行去欣赏这些国家的宏伟建筑。那些伟大建筑的重建可以使人们节省运输成本,但仍然感受到不同文化建筑的伟大。例如,帕台农神庙(纳什维尔)使所有去过百年纪念公园的人都可以学习雅典建筑的魅力,而无需前往遥远的雅典。人们相信许多人一生中没有机会去雅典,帕台农神庙(纳什维尔)的建立使他们有机会看到古希腊保存最重要的建筑。

Last but not the least, reproducing the ancient construct can help people learn and appreciate the ancient building without paying for expensive transportation cost. Places of interest in various cultures are located in different corner of the world. Many people cannot afford to travel to admire these great buildings in different countries. The reconstruction of those great buildings allows people to save transportation costs but still feels the greatness of different cultural buildings. For instance, the Parthenon (Nashville) allows all people who have been to Centennial Park to learn the charm of Athens architecture without going to distant Athens. It is believed that many people have no chance to go Athens in their lives, and the establishment of the Parthenon (Nashville) gives them a chance to see the most important building preserved in ancient Greece.  

总而言之,就古建筑的实际用途和不同人对原始建筑的学习而言,重建古建筑具有巨大的价值:(i)改造后的建筑可以继续发挥其作为文化建筑的作用; (ii)在重建过程中,人们将对其所代表的文化有更深刻的了解; (iii)完工的重建建筑比破旧的原始建筑可以使人们有更直观的欣赏和学习; (iv)人们无需支付昂贵的交通费,也可以欣赏到各种文化的宏伟建筑。

In conclusion, reconstructing the ancient buildings has great values in terms of its practical purpose and the learning of the original building by different people: (i) the reproduced construction can continue to play its role as a cultural building; (ii) during the reconstruction process, people will have a deeper understanding of the culture it represents; (iii) the completed reconstructed building can make people have a more intuitive appreciation and learning than the dilapidated original building; (iv) without paying expensive transportation fee, people can also admire the magnificent buildings of different cultures.

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